Lifeguards or Guard-Life is the professional trained to prevent drownings to preserve the lives of swimmers who engage in critical condition in the sea, river or pool. This profession arose in the twentieth century, and England was one of the first countries to develop the Life-saving service.
Usually found on the most frequented beaches, the Lifeguard is always prepared to assist swimmers or to alert them to the risks caused by jellyfish, sharks or other hazards.
To become a Lifeguard, you must have completed elementary school, be up to date with election duties, have not been convicted of any criminal offense, be at least eighteen years of age and at most thirty-five years of age, and rigorous selection process.
The selected candidates are hired under the statutory legal regime, usually contracted in January, February, and March, and the period may be extended or reduced according to the needs of the activity. The minimum requirements are the excellent muscular strength, good lung capacity, patience, determination; ability with sports, ability to concentrate and work in teams, ability to overcome barriers; be disciplined, fast and very responsible.
To identify areas that are safe and also those not suited for bathing, Lifeguards place indicator plates with different colors. Each one has a meaning
Both the Greens, Yellow, and Red, are usually set in the direction of the place, and in the case of the latter, they are put in front of return chains or sandbars, which means that bathers are not allowed to enter because in this area the risk of reckless drowning is very high. To find out more, if the bather comes to a return stream, which has a velocity of 3 m / s; means that not even the best swimmer than anything 2m / s can go against this current. Lifeguards help not to challenge nature, and in case something of the sort occurs, it is essential to swimming to the opposite side looking for a sandbar.
In addition to these activities, Salva-Vidas is also responsible for prevention activities, with the objective of avoiding accidents at sea or freshwater beaches (rivers, lakes, and lagoons) as well as swimming pools, through educational campaigns. It is very common in high season to see signs and posters with information about the Lifeguard.